The information stated below should be used as a guideline to minimize injuries associated with toy store equipment. However,, 토토 사이트 it is believed that these recommendations, along with the technical information in the ASTM Standards for Public Playgrounds will contribute to greater toy store safety.
What is a Public Toy store?
A public toy store refers to one designed to be applied by children ages a few months through 12 years in commercial child care facilities, institutions, multiple family dwellings, parks, restaurants, resorts and schools.
Information in this article:
General toy store safety considerations
Toy store materials and surfacing
Identifying specific toy store hazards and how to prevent them
Proper steps needed to maintain a toy store and its’ equipment
The use of platforms, guardrails and protective barriers to minimize animal falls
There are 7 key factors you should keep in mind when laying out your toy store:
Accessibility: The surface material needs to allow access to the apparatus for children with disabilities.
Age Separation: Areas for different age brackets should be separated by a stream zone. This zone will reduce the chance of injury by children of varying activity levels running into each other.
Age group: Different playgrounds are structured for different age brackets. The safety requirements differ with each age group. Keep an eye on the age group which will be using the toy store and buy accordingly.
Conflicting Activities: The toy store should be organized into sections to prevent injury from overlapping activities. Be sure to place shiifts and merry-go-rounds toward a corner, side or edge of a play area. Slides should not be put in a congested area.
Sight Lines: Visual barriers should be minimized so that caregivers, parents or supervisors can keep track of children using the toy store. Benches placed around the outside of the structure allow onlookers a place to sit while they watch the children.
Signage and/or Labels: Signs should be provided to give the users guidance from what age appropriateness of the equipment, as well as how to properly use the equipment.
Direction: Make sure the manager mindful the basic safety guidelines of the equipment.
When choosing a site for a toy store, there are a few factors that are important to take into consideration:
Travel patterns to and from the toy store: Any kind of hazards in how? If so, clear the hazards.
Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep hills, etc. ): Could a child inadvertently or intentionally run into a nearby hazard? If so, provide methods to contain children within the toy store (fence, hedge). Be aware that the fence or hedge should still allow watching with interest by supervisors.
Sun exposure: Is the sun’s heat sufficient enough to heat metal parts, slides, platforms, steps or surfacing enough to burn children? Will users be exposed to the sun during the most intense part of the day? If so, consider positioning it so the bare metal is in the shade. Provide safety measures that the equipment will be hot in the sunlight. Consider shading the toy store with a shade structure.
Slope and drainage: Will loose fill material wash away in the rain? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent wash outs.
When installing a toy store, use equipment and hardware approved by the manufacturer. Follow the instructions EXTREMELY carefully or hire a toy store installer. Be sure you keep all materials from the manufacturer and start a meticulous record of all inspections and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect the apparatus before the first use, including the hardware.
Creosote-treated wood (railroad ties, telephone poles, etc) and coatings that have pesticides should not be used.
Chromated Office assistant Arsenate (CCA) was an old chemical that was used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001, botox cosmetic injections is no longer safe it is known to corrode certain materials faster than others.
Avoid using bare metal for platforms, slides or steps. In direct sunlight, bare metal can become extremely hot and cause contact burn injuries. Use plastic sprayed metal, plastic or wood. Within the toy store with a shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic sprayed metal, consider:
Manufacturer should ensure that users cannot ingest, inhale or absorb potentially hazardous amounts of preservative chemicals as a result of contact.
All paints should fulfill the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulation for lead paint.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and rust.
Things to check regarding hardware:
All fasteners, connectors and coverings should not be extrenal without the use of tools.
All exposed hardware should be smooth to the user to prevent lacerations, penetrations, or cloth entanglement hazards.
Hardware in moving joints should be secured against unintentional or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware should be corrosive resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in moving joints should be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S-hooks and C-hooks should be closed (no gap or space greater than 0. 04″).
A proper toy store surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when kids fall from equipment. The surface under the toy store equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to soften the impact of a child’s fall. Sod and dirt are not recommended for surfacing material because of water and natural weathering which can occur at a drastic rate. There are two kinds of surfacing material: unitary and loose-fill.
Unitary materials are generally ASTM tested plastic mats or a pour-in-place energy ingesting material. These kinds of surfacing options are perfect for toddlers and handicap accessible playgrounds and are usually more expensive than loose-fill materials.
CCA treated wood mulch, gravel or dirt are not acceptable forms of loose-fill material.
Loose fill materials will constrict at least 25% over time due to use and weathering so it is a good idea to fill a use zone with an increase of than the recommended fill level. For example, if the toy store will require 9 inches of wood chips then the initial fill level should be 12 inches.
Any material tested to ASTM F1292, including unitary surfaces, engineered wood fiber, etc.
Shredded/recycled plastic mulch
Wood mulch (not CCA-treated)
When choosing toy store equipment, it is important that you keep in mind what the intended age group will be. Children of different ages and levels of development have different needs and abilities. Playgrounds are designed to encourage a child’s imagination while developing new skills. If you are selecting a toy store for a school or public park, you should check your state’s guidelines on integrating handicap accessible play structures in the toy store.
Some equipment is not recommended for public playgrounds including: trampolines, swinging gates, giant strides, climbing ropes that are not secured at both ends, rope shiifts or heavy metal shiifts. Equipment such as platforms, stepped platforms, guardrails and barriers, handrails, and means to access and egress from play equipment have different guidelines for the different age brackets (toddlers, preschool, and school age). It is important to understand that guardrails are not intended for toddlers as it is easy for them to crawl through.
It is easier for a child to climb up than it is for them to climb down. Be sure you provide various methods to access and egress from the play structure so different skill levels will feel safe using the equipment.
There are 6 main kinds of toy store hazards:
Smash and Shear Points: Smash and shear points can be caused by parts moving relative to each other, or to a fixed part, during a normal use cycle, such as with a seesaw. To determine if there is a smash or shear point, consider: the likelihood a child could get a body part inside the point and the closing force around the point.
Entanglement and Impalement: Drawstrings on hoods of jackets, sweatshirts, and other chest muscles clothing can become entangled in toy store equipment, and can cause death by strangulation. To avoid this, remove any ropes, dog leashes, or similar objects attached to toy store equipment and avoid equipment with ropes that are not secured at both ends. Projections on toy store equipment should not be able to entangle children’s clothing nor should they be large enough to impale.
Entrapment: Head entrapment can happen feet first or head first. Openings can present an entrapment hazard if the distance between any interior opposing surfaces is greater than 3. 5 inches and less than 9 inches. Children can become entrapped by to some extent bound openings, such as those formed by two or more toy store parts. To minimize entrapment hazards of stepped platforms, infill should be used to reduce the space between stepped platforms.
Sharp Points, Corners and Edges: Any sharp edge or point can cause serious lacerations. To avoid the risk of injury make sure that wood parts are smooth and not splintering, all corners are rounded and all metal edges are thrown or have rounded capping.
Stopped Hazards: Stopped components should be placed away from high traffic areas, vibrant colored and may not loop back on themselves.
Tripping: Playgrounds should be free from any tripping hazards such as rapid changes in increase, anchoring devices and containment walls for loose-fill surfacing.
All toy store areas should be scrutinized for excessive wear, wear out and any potential hazards. For each piece of equipment, the frequency of thorough inspections will depend on the type and age of the equipment, the amount of use and the local climate. To help ensure your loose-fill surfacing level stays sufficient and is not displaced, it should be checked frequently and raked back into its proper place if necessary. When examining loose-fill surfacing materials, pay particular awareness of areas under shiifts and at slide making a profit, pooled water on mulch surfacing and areas of frozen surfacing.
Records of the following should always be stored:
Accidents or injuries
Platforms should be generally flat with openings that allow for drainage. A stepped platform must have an access component if the difference between platforms is 12″ for toddlers or 18″ for school-age users. Access to platforms over 6 feet high (except for free standing slides) should provide an intermediate standing surface so your child can pause and make a decision to keep going or find another way down.
Guardrails and protective barriers are used to minimize the likelihood of animal falls from elevated platforms, however; protective barriers provide greater protection for children. Guardrails should be tall enough to protect the tallest child from falling extraordinary and low enough that the smallest child cannot walk under it. Barriers are not needed if it will restrict the intended use of the apparatus, such as climbing equipment.
Guardrails or protective barriers should be provided on the following:
There are several factors to consider when choosing the perfect toy store for any outdoor area. The above information are the basic safety regulations to help children travel to and from the toy store, to identify any potential hazards near your play area and what barriers on the unit will interrupt the line of sight of those supervising the children at play.
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